By Professor Emeritus Morris Halle
The ebook encompasses a collection of articles via Morris Halle facing matters within the thought and perform of phonetics and phonology. The articles, written through the final 40 years, obstacle issues that stay to at the present time on the innovative of the self-discipline.
Read Online or Download From Memory to Speech and Back: Papers on Phonetics and Phonology, 1954-2002 PDF
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The booklet incorporates a choice of articles through Morris Halle facing matters within the idea and perform of phonetics and phonology. The articles, written throughout the final 40 years, quandary concerns that stay to at the present time on the leading edge of the self-discipline.
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Extra info for From Memory to Speech and Back: Papers on Phonetics and Phonology, 1954-2002
In many languages, therefore, tongue-root advancing does not operate independently, but is concomitant with tongue height. For other languages, particularly the West African languages displaying vowel harmony, tongue-root advancing is clearly a feature that distinguishes between vowel pairs. It might be expected that languages in which both rounding and tongue-root advancing play independent roles are either rare or nonexistent. The acoustic consequences of both of these articulatory activities are similar (at least as far as the effect on Fi is concerned), although they are not identical.
If the values of ΔΡ and ws give rise to a point above the curve labeled "slack," then vocal-cord vibration is initiated when the vocal-cord stiffness is small. Likewise the curve labeled "stiff" represents the boundary of vocal-cord oscillation for relatively stiff vocal cords. Below these lines, the vocal cords remain in a static position with no oscillations. Points A, B, and C represent glottal widths that lie within regions of "normal" glottal vibration, spread glottis and constricted glottis for nonobstruents, for which ΔΡ = PSUb· The portion of the chart corresponding to obstruent configurations is well below the line AP/PSUb = 1.
Stevens 1962 8. Partial implementation (or models for implementation) of the analysis-by-synthesis procedure applied at this level, together with discussions of the advantages of the method, have been presented in: K. N. Stevens, "Toward a model for speech recognition," J. Acoust. Soc. , vol. 32, pp. 47-51; January, 1960. L. A. Chistovich, "Classification of rapidly repeated speech sounds," So v. Phys. Acoustics, vol. 6, pp. 393-398; January-March, 1961 (Akust. , vol. 6, pp. 392398; July, 1960).