Displacement and Dispossession in the Modern Middle East by Dawn Chatty

By Dawn Chatty

Dispossession and compelled migration within the heart East stay even this day major parts of latest lifestyles within the area. sunrise Chatty's publication strains the background of these who, as a reconstructed center East emerged initially of the 20 th century, discovered themselves bring to an end from their homelands, refugees in a brand new global, with borders created out of the ashes of conflict and the autumn of the Ottoman Empire. As an anthropologist, the writer is very delicate to person adventure and the way those stories have impacted on society as an entire from the political, social, and environmental views. via own tales and interviews inside of varied groups, she indicates how a few minorities, corresponding to the Armenian and Circassian groups, have succeeded in integrating and growing new identities, while others, similar to the Palestinians and the Kurds, were left homeless inside of impermanent landscapes. The booklet is uncommon in combining an ethnographic strategy that analyzes the standard reports of refugees and migrants opposed to the backdrop of the huge sweep of Mediterranean background. it really is meant as an creation for college students in center East experiences, historical past, political technology, and anthropology and for a person desirous about struggle and clash within the quarter.

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Giddens’ concept of structuration replaces the static view of social structures with one that emphasizes the process by which social structures are created and changed through the exercise of freedom of action. This theoretical leap is important to the understanding of theories of motivation that might account for the behaviour of migrants and refugees. The implications of such theory are complex and beyond the scope of this book. However, as Richmond points out, there are a few key points to consider with regard to migratory decisions.

In this volume, I follow Cohen’s definition of community as a symbolic rather than structural construct: ‘Community exists in the minds of its members and should not be confused with geographic or sociographic assertions of “fact”’ (Cohen 1985:98). The distinctiveness of communities and the boundaries they recognize are in the minds of the members and in the meanings people attach to them. This reality is most often expressed symbolically and through culture. A community often expresses its unity through a shared 7 The Lebanese state is built upon the recognition of its ethno-religious minorities.

The authors concluded that any An Overview of Theories and Concepts 19 frameworks for the analysis of the causes of refugee movements must therefore reflect the transnational character of the process involved. Weiner, for example, considers that most of the world’s population movements, certainly since World War II, did not just happen, but were made to happen in order to serve a variety of political purposes in the sending countries. He regards much involuntary migration as being derived from the interest of a state to achieve some cultural homogeneity or, at least, of asserting state dominance and control over particular social groups.

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