By Natalie Operstein
This monograph proposes a brand new interpretation of the intrasegmental constitution of consonants and offers the 1st systematic intra- and cross-linguistic learn of consonant prevocalization. The proposed version represents consonants as inherently bigestural and makes powerful predictions which are immediately correct to phonological concept at either the diachronic and synchronic degrees, and in addition to the phonetics of articulatory evolution. It additionally in actual fact demonstrates vast generalization of the thought of consonant prevocalization offers a uniform account for plenty of famous tactics normally thought of self sustaining – from asynchronous palatalization in Polish to intrusive [r] in nonrhotic English, to vowel epentheses in Avestan, and to pre-/s/ vowel prothesis in Welsh. Consonant prevocalization has now not performed an important function within the improvement of recent phonological conception up to now, and this paintings is the 1st to spotlight its vast theoretical value. It develops vital theoretical insights, with a wealth of assisting info and a wealthy bibliography. without doubt, this booklet may be of serious curiosity to phonologists, phoneticians, typologists, and historic linguists.
Read or Download Consonant Structure and Prevocalization PDF
Best language & grammar books
An exploration of the function of language attitudes and ideologies in predicting the survival clients of a minority language. It examines this position via a cross-national comparative research of Irish within the Republic of eire and Galician within the self reliant neighborhood of Galicia in north-west Spain.
This quantity provides a entire examine of what constitutes Translation Competence, from some of the sub-competences to the general ability. participants mix event as translation students with their event as lecturers of translation. the amount is equipped into 3 sections: Defining, construction, and Assessing Translation Competence.
The booklet encompasses a choice of articles by way of Morris Halle facing matters within the idea and perform of phonetics and phonology. The articles, written through the final 40 years, trouble concerns that stay to at the present time on the leading edge of the self-discipline.
Oxford observe talents improves scholars' vocabulary and vocabulary studying talents. brief, transparent shows and plenty of chance for perform supply scholars the arrogance to take advantage of new vocabulary. eighty devices at each one point suggest they disguise an immense diversity of subject matters and daily events.
- Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2005: Selected Papers from 'Going Romance', Utrecht, 8-10 December 2005
- Systemic functional grammar in natural language generation: linguistic description and computational representation
- The Grammaticalization of Give + Infinitive: A Comparative Study of Russian, Polish, and Czech
- Oxford English for Careers: Commerce 1 Student's Book
- Contrastive Pragmatics
- Language, Migration, and Identity: Neighborhood Talk in Indonesia
Additional info for Consonant Structure and Prevocalization
In order to encode height distinctions in vowels, [open] may be further subdivided into [mid], [narrow], and [wide] (Browman & Goldstein 1986 and subsequent publications; Gafos 1999: 12f; Albano 2001: 54f). The glottal (GLO) and velic (VEL) gestures are specified by the constriction degree alone as the notion of constriction location does not apply to these articulators (see Table 5). In order to represent the temporal extent of gestures and their coordination with one another, Browman & Goldstein have introduced two-dimensional diagrams in which gestures are shown as boxes located on separate tiers corresponding to the different articulators.
Working within Chomsky & Halle’s (1968) framework, Reighard is able to relate palatals and velars to their prevowels and vocalic allophones on the basis of the shared values of the features [high] and [back]. By the same token alveolars, which are (redundantly) [-high, -low, -back], should generate a [e] instead of the attested [ә]. Reighard gets around this problem by assuming that [ә] is an underlying [e]. The reasoning behind this assumption is never made explicit (and, incidentally, nothing in the presentation of Maxakalí phonology in Gudschinsky et al.
In all these cases – CP, vowel lengthening, and vowel epenthesis – the vowel space preceding the triggering consonant is strengthened by assimilating a new vocalic element. The difference consists in the identity of the absorbed vocalic element. In CP, it takes the form of a prevowel with the properties of the Chapter 1. Consonant prevocalization vocalic component of the consonant; in vowel lengthening, it is identical to the segmental vowel; and in vowel epenthesis, it may surface as a schwa or a copy of an adjacent vowel.