By C. Cindy Fan
China at the Move bargains a brand new and extra thorough clarification of migration, which integrates wisdom from geography, inhabitants reports, sociology and politics; to aid us comprehend the approaches of social, political, and fiscal swap linked to robust migration streams so necessary to chinese language development.
Using a wide physique of study, transparent and tasty illustrations (maps, tables, and charts) of findings in keeping with census, survey and box info, and chosen qualitative fabric reminiscent of migrants’ narratives, this booklet offers an up-to-date, systematic, empirically wealthy, multifaceted and energetic research of migration in China.
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Additional info for China on the Move: Migration, the State, and the Household
This is strong evidence that the pursuit of economic betterment is the primary objective of migrants. The persistence of migration streams also highlights the role of networks among migrants. The volume and spatial patterns of migration, as illustrated in this chapter, directly inform this book’s arguments about the state and the household. The increased magnitude and importance of temporary migrants, most of whom are rural–urban migrants, reinforces the centrality of the hukou system and the peasant household for understanding mobility in China.
20 However, the occupational and geographical meanings of the two adjectives “agricultural” and “non-agricultural” are increasingly diluted, as many rural residents and rural–urban migrants engaged in urban work still have agricultural hukou. More accurately, therefore, agricultural and non-agricultural hukou refer to, respectively, the rural and urban statuses of individuals. Those with non-agricultural hukou are entitled to state welfare, benefits, and subsidies which during the pre-reform period were designed to take care of the individual from cradle to grave and which today continue to privilege urban Chinese over their rural counterparts.
5:1, depicting an increase in not only the absolute level of disparity but also relative disparity. The disparity in economic development among the three regions and at the provincial level correlates with the spatial patterns of interprovincial migration (Fan 2005a; 2005b). Provinces with the largest in-migration, including Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Beijing, are also among the top in GDP per capita. Conversely, provinces with the largest out-migration, such as Sichuan, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, and Henan, have relatively low GDP per capita.