Are Capitalism, Objectivism, And Libertarianism Religions? by Albert Ellis

By Albert Ellis

I hugely suggest this as a such a lot enlightening and unique publication. My in basic terms proceedings are that the enhancing might have been larger, and Dr. Ellis probably must have placed his definition of faith in bankruptcy 1 rather than 6. yet his observations be sure what i've got saw in interpreting Rands' works and hearing associates and others who're Objectivists.

Dr. Ellis brilliantly exhibits that Objectivism "is a uncomplicated spiritual method, within the classical use of this time period, concerning the type of ideals, practices, and moral values that a minimum of suggest (even in the event that they openly deny) a divine or superhuman energy within the universe and that relatively contain a religion unfounded on truth. I contend that any dogmatic, fanatical, absolutist, anti-empirical, people-condemning creed is non secular simply because there isn't any actual proof on which it really is established, and its adherents, in zealously sticking to it, strongly country or indicate that a few greater energy or order of the universe calls for that their perspectives are right--and that each one severe dissenters to their perspectives are forever wrong...

"Most capitalists also are integrated right here as spiritual in nature in that they're actual believers within the 'invisible hand' of the industry, a sincerely spiritual thought, to resolve the entire world's difficulties if the realm will simply set all of the markets free!"

Criticisms that Dr. Ellis had in a roundabout way insulted Ayn Rand via this e-book or taken care of her perspectives unfairly are thoroughly off-base. in truth, he is going out of his solution to provide credits the place credits is due. yet for a self-proclaimed rational individual, Ayn Rand created a philosophy that features a good deal of irrationality and unsupported dogma that should be uncovered. the good hypersensitive reaction of Rand and her fans to the least bit of feedback reminds considered one of different fanatical religionists who get disenchanted while their sacred cows are criticized. Says Ellis in bankruptcy 14:

"If Rand particularly felt insulted by means of my concerning her novel heroes as 'utterly most unlikely people' then she is certainly effortless to insult -- and will use numerous classes of rational emotive habit therapy!"

I myself am an atheist, yet I take the reasonable view that this doesn't immediately make me immune from irrationality. The utopian Objectivist perfect of whole rational considering a hundred% of the time is irrational since it is very unlikely. humans are either rational and emotional and in addition fallible. To create or persist with a rational philosophy much more than part the time, takes loads of strength of mind, self-reflection and humility. sarcastically, in an effort to make rational judgements a great deal of the time, it calls for that one be humble adequate to simply accept the truth of one's very human tendency towards irrationality so that it will be vigilant opposed to it. with no that, you condemn humans for the specks of their eyes yet fail to take the sign off of yours and may even prove like Ayn Rand: depressed, smoking cigarettes and donning a gold, dollar-sign broach.

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Gnosis und Judentum: Alttestamentliche und jüdische Motive by Jaan Lahe

By Jaan Lahe

This ebook addresses diverse theories concerning the starting place of Gnosticism. the writer involves the realization that, if we put aside the Christian substance, in Gnostic literature in addition to Platonist philosophy the main a number of impacts come from Judaism. As they've got, in part, reached Gnostic literature self reliant from Christianity, it can validate the idea in response to which we must always be trying to find the starting place of Gnosticism in convinced Judaist circles. the writer analyses using lore from the previous testomony and Judaism in Gnostic literature. although this doesn't end up that Gnosticism has developed from Judaism, it nonetheless indicates how broadly the Judaist global of concept encouraged Gnosticism and the way it provides us a cause to invite no matter if we should always ponder extra completely the speculation in keeping with which we must always be looking for the founders of Gnostic lore inside sure Judaist circles of antiquity.

Über den Ursprung der antiken Gnosis gibt es verschiedene Theorien, aber noch heute herrscht in dieser Frage in der Forschung kein Konsens. Der Autor dieses Buches betrachtet unterschiedliche Ursprungstheorien der Gnosis und kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass (abgesehen vom christlichen Stoff) neben den Einflüssen des Mittelplatonismus der alttestamentliche und jüdische Stoff in der gnostischen Literatur die wichtigste Rolle spielt. Da der jüdische Stoff teilweise durch die Vermittlung des Christentums in die Gnosis gekommen ist, könnte das die alte Hypothese unterstützen, dass die Gnosis innerhalb des Christentums entstanden sei. Doch gibt es eine Vielzahl gnostischer Texte, die vom Christentum nicht beeinflusst sind, in denen aber der alttestamentliche und jüdische Stoff eine sehr wichtige Rolle spielt. Diese Tatsache könnte nun die zweite alte Theorie unterstützen, nach der die Wurzeln der Gnosis im antiken Judentum liegen. Der Autor der vorliegenden Arbeit analysiert den Gebrauch der alttestamentlichen und jüdischen Überlieferungen und cause in der gnostischen Literatur und kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass es nicht letztgültig bewiesen ist, dass die Gnosis aus dem Judentum heraus entstand. Doch zeigt die Untersuchung, wie große Bedeutung die alttestamentlichen und jüdischen reason in der Gnosis gehabt haben. Dies gibt Anlass zu fragen, ob wir dennoch die Theorie ernsthaft zu erwägen haben, nach der der Ursprung der Gnosis in Kreisen des antiken Judentums zu suchen sei.

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„Alle Weisheit stammt vom Herrn ...": Gesammelte Studien zu by Friedrich V. Reiterer, Renate Egger-Wenzel

By Friedrich V. Reiterer, Renate Egger-Wenzel

The quantity provides a suite of the reviews produced through the exegetist Friedrich V. Reiterer (Salzburg) from his decades of in depth paintings at the knowledge of Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus). the person reports were revised and the numbering of the passages introduced based on the "Zählsynopse zum Buch Ben Sira"(Colometric Synopsis of the knowledge of Ben Sira) edited via Reiterer in 2002.

Der Band vereinigt Studien des Salzburger Exegeten Friedrich V. Reiterer zu seiner langjährigen und intensiven Beschäftigung mit Ben Sira. Die einzelnen Beiträge wurden überarbeitet und die Zählung der Ben Sira-Belege der von Reiterer im Jahr 2002 herausgegebenen "Zählsynopse zum Buch Ben Sira" angeglichen.

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Philostratus

This is often the 1st quantity of accumulated papers to be dedicated to the paintings of Philostratus, the nice essayist, biographer and historian of Greek tradition within the Roman international, and the main scintillating author of Greek prose within the 3rd century advert. The papers disguise his notable diversity, from hagiographic fiction to historic discussion, from pictorial description to like letters, and from prescriptions for gymnastics to the lives of the Sophists. the standard of his writing and the troubles inside of his purview - faith, aesthetics, athletics and schooling - make Philostratus's writings one of the most vital files for knowing Greek tradition within the Roman international, and consultant us in exploring the adulthood of Hellenic cultural id within the context of the increase of Christianity. Few experiences were dedicated to this overlooked determine, and this assortment will accordingly be of serious worth to students and scholars of imperial Greek literature and paintings.

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Religion und Geschlechterordnungen by Kornelia Sammet, Friederike Benthaus-Apel, Christel Gärtner

By Kornelia Sammet, Friederike Benthaus-Apel, Christel Gärtner (eds.)

Die Beiträge in diesem Sammelband untersuchen das Verhältnis von faith und Geschlechterordnungen in verschiedenen religiösen und kulturellen Kontexten. Auf der foundation von Fallstudien, Auswertungen von Survey-Daten oder theoretischen Reflexionen gehen die Autorinnen und Autoren der Frage nach, wie sich eine zunehmende gesellschaftliche Säkularisierung und Modernisierung einerseits und die durch Migrationsprozesse beförderte (Re-)Vitalisierung und erhöhte Sichtbarkeit von faith andererseits auf Geschlechterordnungen auswirken.

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