By Villia Jefremovas
Explores how the stipulations that formed Rwanda's hard work association and industries additionally formed Rwanda's genocide.
Read Online or Download Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in Rwanda (S.U.N.Y. Series in Anthropology of Work) PDF
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Additional info for Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in Rwanda (S.U.N.Y. Series in Anthropology of Work)
All the permanent kilns needed higher-quality unfired bricks and more infrastructure, and had higher operating costs. The lack of interest in investing in new technology and in improving quality reflected both the nature of risk transfer in these industries and the uncertain environment in Making Bricks and Roof Tiles in Rwanda: Labor Organization 45 which these enterprises operated. The lack of secure tenure over land, even over the land that was ostensibly “owned,” and the capacity of the government to drive private enterprises out of business also played an important role.
When it is burning well, the whole kiln is “scoved,” that is, plastered with a layer of mud. The kiln is fired day and night for six days, then the fire holes are blocked and the kiln is allowed to cool for six days. At this point, the kiln can be broken down, or the bricks (itafari, sing. ) can be left until they are sold. Tiles are transported to the kiln and stacked on their sides on top of the fire courses built from unfired bricks inside the permanent kiln. The kiln is fired for three days and then the fire holes are sealed and the top is covered with banana leaves and allowed to cool for two days.
Bricks versus Tiles Tile manufacturing was considered a sideline by the entrepreneurs who manufactured them. Most entrepreneurs did not consider the market worthwhile; however, four out of the sixteen ran tile operations in addition to their brick operations. Two had very large enterprises employing between 70 and 300 people in brick making in the dry seasons and up to 10 in tile making on a year-round basis. Two others had smaller brickyards making both bricks and tiles only during the dry seasons.