By Dennis Broeders
Simply because borders on my own can't cease abnormal migration, the ecu Union is popping increasingly more to inner keep watch over measures. via surveillance, member states target to exclude abnormal migrants from societal associations, thereby discouraging their remain or deporting people who are apprehended. And but, states can't expel immigrants who stay nameless. id has hence turn into key. Breaking Down Anonymity exhibits how electronic surveillance is changing into a primary tool of id and exclusion guidelines in the direction of abnormal migrants. To help this declare, the research charts coverage advancements in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyses either nations' labour industry controls in addition to their detention and expulsion practices. additionally tested is the advance of a number of new european migration databases. Spanning the Continent, those details structures create a brand new ecu Union frontier - one who is electronic, biometric and ever-strengthening.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra resources for Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands
Conversely, they also undervalue and stray attention away from other options, as the following metaphoric ‘history’ of European migration control illustrates. 1 Fortress Europe The metaphor of Fortress Europe has often been used to describe the development of immigration and border policies at the level of member states and, subsequently, of the EU itself. This rather grim metaphor draws attention to the fact that borders and immigration policy have become a line of defence against immigrants who are perceived to be laying siege to the fortress.
Biometrics are – at the very least in the eyes of the governments and government agencies that are promoting them – very useful for the tracking and sorting of internationally mobile populations. Especially in the post-9/11 era, the political support for the use of biometrics in matters of security and migration has been virtually unwavering (see for example Lyon 2003; Muller 2005; Balzacq 2008). Politicians are introducing or contemplating the use of biometrics in passports, ID cards, visas and all sorts of databases related to immigration policy and security policies.
The use of biometrics is an important part in the development of what Mark Salter calls ‘hyper-documentation’ by which he means that ‘each piece of data 48 BREAKING DOWN ANONYMITY is linked to other data, and ultimately to a risk profile: body-biometricsfile-profile’ (Salter 2005: 47). Biometrics are – at the very least in the eyes of the governments and government agencies that are promoting them – very useful for the tracking and sorting of internationally mobile populations. Especially in the post-9/11 era, the political support for the use of biometrics in matters of security and migration has been virtually unwavering (see for example Lyon 2003; Muller 2005; Balzacq 2008).