Bilingual First Language Acquisition: French and German by Jürgen M. Meisel

By Jürgen M. Meisel

The contributions during this quantity are in response to an research of information from bilingual youngsters buying French and German at the same time. The longitudinal reports all started at nearly age 12 months and 6 months and persevered until eventually age six. The papers specialise in the improvement of particular grammatical phenomena; reasons are given in the framework of the main and Parameter method. The research is essentially inquisitive about the purchase of so-called 'functional different types' and the implications in their acquisition for the advance of grammar. particular issues handled in those papers contain: gender, quantity and case and their inner constitution (DP vs NP); inflection and its effects for contract marking; and be aware order phenomena (subject-raising structures (incl. passives), notice order in subordinate clauses). the elemental speculation underlying this examine is that early baby grammars consist simply of lexical different types and that useful different types are carried out later within the kid's grammar. How this occurs precisely is the valuable factor explored during this ebook.

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There exists evidence, however, that at age 2;2,21 at the latest the underlying semantic concept of singularity vs. plurality is recognized. From 2;2,21, in both languages, Ivar starts using the numerals zwei and deux respectively. e. it is used with nouns referring to two or even more objects — irrespective of the number-specification of the noun. On the other hand, the forms of the indefinite article ein and un respectively, which are homophonous with the corresponding numerals, are used exclusively with nouns referring to single objects.

0/} 8. 2. 1. Regularities in gender assignment Both French and German exhibit semantic, morphological, and phonological gender patterns. In this paper I will mainly consider generalizations which are 36 CAROLINE KOEHN based on the morphological or phonological shape of the noun. For semantically based patterns I refer to Köpcke (1982) and Köpcke & Zubin (1984). Generalizations based on morphological cues predict the gender of nouns in accordance with derivational affixes and with respect to composition.

Dordrecht: Foris. Ronjat, Jules. 1913. Le développement du langage observé chez un enfant bilingue. Paris: Champion. Schlyter, Suzanne. 1990. " Meisel 1990, 73-84. DUFDE studies Berkele, Gisela. 1983. Die Entwicklung des Ausdrucks von Objektreferenz am Beispiel der Determinanten: Eine empirische Untersuchung zum Spracherwerb bilingualer Kinder (Französisch/Deutsch). "Staatsexamen"-thesis, University of Hamburg. Dieck, Marianne. 1989. Der Erwerb der Negation bei bilingualen Kindern (Französisch - Deutsch): Eine Fallstudie.

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