Bidirectional Optimality Theory by Anton Benz, Jason Mattausch

By Anton Benz, Jason Mattausch

Bidirectional Optimality Theory (BiOT) emerged on the flip of the millennium as a fusion of Radical Pragmatics and Optimality Theoretic Semantics. It stirred a wealth of recent study within the pragmatics‑semantics interface and seriously stimulated e.g. the improvement of evolutionary and online game theoretic ways. Optimality concept holds that linguistic output might be understood because the optimized items of ranked constraints. on the centre of BiOT is the perception that this optimisation has to occur either in creation and interpretation, and that the production-interpretation cycle has to steer again to the unique enter. BiOT is now more often than not interpreted as an outline of diachronically good and cognitively optimum form–meaning pairs. It discovered functions past the semantics-pragmatics interface in language acquisition, old linguistics, phonology, syntax, and typology. This booklet offers a cutting-edge assessment of those advancements. It collects 9 chapters through top scientists within the box.

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We can see in Figure 1 that structural constraints directly evaluate surface forms, so they ought to interact with cue constraints in perception. The first account of what can (with hindsight) be called perception with structural constraints in OT is that by Tesar (1997, 1998, 1999) and Tesar & Smolensky (1998, 2000). In their examples of robust interpretive parsing, an overt form, which is a string of syllables marked for stress but not for phonological foot structure, is interpreted as a full structural description.

The OT literature on merely-phonological grammars has proposed innate rankings of structural constraints (Prince & Smolensky 1993), innate rankings of faithfulness constraints (Beckman 1998), and extralinguistic knowledge of auditory contrast (Steriade 1995, 2001). g. Boersma & Escudero 2008). The solution is to allow the phonology to interact with the phonetics. Many observed phenomena like auditory enhancement (Flemming 1995), licensing by cue (Steriade 1995), and things often attributed to innate markedness will fall out automatically as side effects of learning.

Phonological representations: Underlying and Surface Form The minimum number of phonological representations capable of handling any interesting phonological phenomena seems to be two: at the very least we seem to A programme for bidirectional phonology and phonetics  require the traditional distinction between Underlying Form and Surface Form. The Underlying Form is usually regarded as a sequence of pieces of phonological material copied from the lexicon, with discernible morpheme structure, for example |anâ•›+â•›pa|, where ‘+’ is a morpheme boundary.

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