Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel by Edna Bonacich

By Edna Bonacich

In a research an important to our realizing of yankee social inequality, Edna Bonacich and Richard Appelbaum examine the go back of sweatshops to the attire undefined, specifically in la. The "new" sweatshops, they are saying, must be understood by way of the decline within the American welfare nation and its robust unions and the increase in worldwide and versatile construction. clothing brands now have the motivation to maneuver creation to anyplace low-wage hard work are available, whereas protecting arm's-length contractual family that defend them from accountability. The flight of the has ended in an immense upward push in clothing imports to the USA and to a decline in employment.

Los Angeles, despite the fact that, continues to be a confusing exception in that its employment has persevered to develop, to the purpose the place L.A. is the biggest middle of clothing creation within the country. not just the provision of low-wage immigrant (often undocumented) employees but in addition the focal point on reasonably priced, fashion-sensitive women's put on makes this attainable. Behind the Label examines the gamers within the L.A. clothing undefined, together with brands, outlets, contractors, and staff, comparing the maldistribution of wealth and tool. The authors discover govt and union efforts to remove sweatshops whereas proscribing the flight to Mexico and somewhere else, they usually finish with an outline of the turning out to be antisweatshop movement.

Los Angeles instances most sensible Nonfiction e-book of 2000

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Additional info for Behind the Label : Inequality in the Los Angeles Apparel Industry

Sample text

Most manufacturers in Los Angeles neither own nor operate their own factories. This intentionally confusing system serves the important function of diffusing legal and moral responsibility for working conditions: Manufacturers can reap the benefits that come from designing and marketing clothing, without having to dirty their hands in its actual manufacture. This was not always the case. At one time a significant proportion of manufacturing in Los Angeles was done in-house, the manufacturers employing their own workers to make clothing in their own factories.

Occasionally the retailers even employ their own designers, eliminating the manufacturer as an unnecessary middleman. A good deal of privatelabel apparel is produced overseas, especially in Asia, but some retailers have some of their private-label clothing made domestically. At the lower end of the industry, some manufacturers wholesale their garments at discounted value directly to the public, bypassing retailing altogether. This is typically done in pseudowholesaling locations such as Santee Alley in the downtown garment district of Los Angeles, where discounted goods and knock-off labels can be had at bargain basement prices.

St. Juan St. Wall St. Maple Ave. eles A ng 7th St. FLOWER MART Los To the International Jewelry Center Main St. Spring St. St. 7th St. Van Nuys Building 8th St. 8th St. MEN’S WEAR The New Mart 9th St. THE COOPER Fashion BUILDING Gallery To Progressive Label CALIFORNIAMART 9th St. Intern Food ational Court TEXTILES Olympic Blvd. Olympic Blvd. WALL STREET Mart South THE CITY MARKET THE SANTEE ALLEY ACCESSORIES 11th St. 11th St. Fashion District Field Office 12th St. 12th St. THE NEW ALLEY Pico Alley KID’S WEAR Pico Bl.

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