By Professor William Labov, Sharon Ash, Associate Professor of Linguistics Charles Boberg
Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology and Sound switch
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Additional info for Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology and Sound Change
Four of these are dominant metropolises with a 1990 population over 300,000: Chicago, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, and Omaha. The remaining three were selected to provide geographical coverage; they all have a population over 100,000, and they provide points 150 miles or more from the four larger cities. The sample design for the pilot project entailed the selection of places within this 150-mile radius of each of the focal cities. In each area, eight cities were to be selected, two in each of four ranges of population: 50,000 to 200,000 10,000 to 50,000 2,000 to 10,000 under 2,000 Cities were selected within a 150-mile radius of the largest cities ﬁrst.
Records of calls required for successful interviews The Telsur project kept detailed records of all telephone calls made, in order to trace regional differences in the difﬁculty of locating local speakers and rates of refusal and acceptance. The ease or difﬁculty of achieving a successful interview varied greatly. The ﬁrst phone call of the Atlas was made to Sioux Falls, SD, at 3:30 in the afternoon on February 24, 1992. A woman answered the phone and listened politely to the investigatorʼs request for an interview.
Census for all Americans. 1 are based on ﬁgures given for occupation of employed persons 16 years old and over in Table 18, “Labor force and disability characteristics of persons: 1990” from the census volume series CPH-3. 24 4. Sampling and ﬁeld methods In general, the proportions of national ancestral groups are ordered similarly to the census. The largest single identiﬁcation is German. In the Telsur sample, the German group is by far the largest in the Midland, the North, and the West. There is a much more even distribution of ethnic groups in the South, with a heavier representation of English and Scots-Irish.