Anaphora and Language Design (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs) by Eric Reuland

By Eric Reuland

Pronouns and anaphors (including reflexives equivalent to himself and herself) might or needs to depend upon antecedents for his or her interpretation. those dependencies are topic to stipulations that prima facie express sizeable crosslinguistic version. during this monograph, Eric Reuland provides a idea of ways those anaphoric dependencies are represented in average language in a manner that does justice to the the adaptation one reveals throughout languages. He explains the stipulations on those dependencies by way of common homes of the computational method of typical language. He indicates that the encoding of anaphoric dependencies uses parts of the language method that every one mirror varied cognitive capacities; hence the empirical study he experiences on deals insights into the layout of the language method. Reuland's account reduces the stipulations on binding to autonomous homes of the grammar, none of that's particular to binding. He bargains a principled account of the jobs of the lexicon, syntax, semantics, and the discourse part within the encoding of anaphoric dependencies; a window into the final association of the grammar and the jobs of linguistic and extralinguistic components; a brand new typology of anaphoric expressions; a view of crosslinguistic version (examining proof in quite a number languages, from English, Dutch, Frisian, German, and Scandinavian languages to Fijian, Georgian, and Malayalam) that indicates team spirit in range.

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For the second sentencc a fclicitous interpretation is hard to construc. Such facts are addressed in accessibility theory as developed in Ariel 1 990. Informally. thc idea is that expressions differ in the amount of de­ scriptive information they contain. According to this theory, one will use an expression with relatively rich descriptive content-such as the white rabbit-to rcfcr to an individual that is not very salient. Conversely, when a� individual is salient enough. expressions such as the animal or he or she will be used.

This is resource-demanding, hence explains why children and agrammatic aphasics have trouble with condition B under those conditions; see section 1 . 1 0 and chapter 4 for discussion. ) Type 3 invariants are potentially exemplified by locality conditions on movement (recall the locality conditions on binding discussed in section 1 . 1 ). Whereas locality by itself may well reflect type 2 invariance, there are also locality conditions that have been stated in terms of intrinsically linguistic categories.

Doubling, verbal affixes, body-part expressions, and so on, as well as putting the reflexive in a prepositional phrase), but the need to do so is general enough. These phenomena are too pervasive to be acci­ dental. 2 1 Chapter 6 provides an in-depth discussion and an explanation of why this is so. Note, however, that the amount of potential material bearing on this issue is daunting. The question is to what extent we will be able to main­ tain ( 1 7) as more facts become available. Only a few languages have been described in the detail necessary to understand the interplay between mor­ phological, syntactic.

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