An Introduction to Vector Analysis For Physicists and by B. Hague D.SC., PH.D., F.C.G.I. (auth.)

By B. Hague D.SC., PH.D., F.C.G.I. (auth.)

The relevant alterations that i've got made in getting ready this revised variation of the ebook are the next. (i) Carefuily chosen labored and unworked examples were extra to 6 of the chapters. those examples were taken from type and measure exam papers set during this college and i'm thankful to the college courtroom for permission to exploit them. (ii) a few extra topic at the geometrieaI software of veetors has been integrated in bankruptcy 1. (iii) Chapters four and five were mixed into one bankruptcy, a few fabric has been rearranged and a few additional fabric additional. (iv) The bankruptcy on int~gral theorems, now bankruptcy five, has been extended to incorporate an altemative evidence of Gauss's theorem, a treatmeot of Green's theorem and a extra prolonged discussioo of the class of vector fields. (v) the single significant switch made in what are actually Chapters 6 and seven is the deletioo of the dialogue of the DOW out of date pot funetioo. (vi) A small a part of bankruptcy eight on Maxwell's equations has been rewritten to offer a fuller account of using scalar and veetor potentials in eleetromagnetic conception, and the devices hired were replaced to the m.k.s. system.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Vector Analysis For Physicists and Engineers

Sample text

N = Veos 8 and by definition the ftux of V through the element is V . n dS. The integraI of this taken over the surface. Le. ndS or s JJ Veos 8dS. 22) s is called the surface integral of V over the surface or the total ftux through the surface. The physical meaning of such surface integrals is very clear. Suppose V to denote the velocity of a moving ftuid in which a fixed surface S is drawn. At any point V . n dS denotes the volume of ftuid passing normaIly through the surface element dS in unit time.

If a, b, c are vectors such that bxc=cxa=axb, prove that ax~+b+~=bx~+b+~=cx~+b+~=a Deduce that if, further, a, b, e are non-zero vectors and not all parallel, then a+b+c=O. S. The veetors u, v, w are unit vectors such that v and w both make an angle 8 with u. Prove that the VectOf a = v - w is perpendicular to the veetor u and to the vector b = - u + v + w. IT b is perpendicular to u, show that 8 = 60°. If, further, ahas length I, find the angle between v and wand obtain the volume of the cuboid whose sides are U, a, b.

Find the area of the parallelogram the diagonats of which are the veetors 3i + j - 2k and i - 3j + 4k, i, j, k being the usual mutually perpendicular unit veetors. 9. Find a veetor r for which (r x a) + r = b, where a, b are given veetors. 10. b) e. 11. a)w; (iii) U x v = ra, b, el a. 12. The veetors u, v, w are non-zero. Show, by taking the veetor product of each side with u, or otherwise, that the general solution of the equation UXy=uxw in v is v = AU + w, where Ais a sealar. Deduce that the only solution of the simultaneous equations in v, is v = w.

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