American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. by David Griffith

By David Griffith

The H-2 software, initially dependent in Florida, is the longest operating labor-importation application within the nation. Over the process a quarter-century of study, Griffith studied rural exertions tactics and their nationwide and foreign results. during this e-book, he examines the socioeconomic results of the H-2 application on either the parts the place the workers paintings and the parts they're from, and, taking a uniquely humanitarian stance, he considers the results of this system at the workers themselves.

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Extra info for American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. Labor Market

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Agriculture for ninety days during any of the three years preceding . A second provision authorized anyone who could prove—with paychecks, utility bills, and the like—that they had maintained a residence and worked in the United States for the previous five years. S. work authorization was to first migrate and work in the United States illegally. Current amnesty proposals send identical signals to Mexico. Once legalized, those authorized to work, now free to come and go between the Mexico and the United States, became important sources of information about work in the United States; because most were legalized as SAWs, their employment information was biased toward rural areas.

I discuss the use of independent contractors among professionals and the highly skilled to illustrate that contracting and subcontracting have become critical ingredients of economic practice today, influencing individual, household, network, and even national and international patterns of resource use and accumulation. In the process, work settings and the social structures of production have become increasingly fragmented, and households that supply workers to agriculture, food processing, and other production regimes requiring large numbers of low-wage workers have responded with survival practices that seem at first glance equally fragmented (Osterman ; Vandeman ; Waldinger ).

Thus owners of crabmeat factories along the mid-Atlantic coast have been importing Mexican women since , using H- visas like those that Florida sugar producers used, from  to , to import Jamaican men. During their first seasons, many of the Mexican women were recruited by unfamiliar and unscrupulous labor contractors, housed in substandard houses in isolated labor camps, and kept in such a state of servitude that several of them eventually sued their employers so successfully that most of the abusive factory owners were driven out of business (Griffith , chapter ).

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