By Martina Häcker
This learn offers a entire syntactic and semantic research of a geographically balanced corpus of written and spoken texts, in modern Scots (including the author's personal box recordings), amply illustrated with examples, hence creating a significant contribution to the sphere of English dialect grammar.
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Extra resources for Adverbial Clauses in Scots: A Semantic-Syntactic Study
Thus within the category of reason clauses, clauses implying presuppositions are more peripheral than those that do not. The differences in centrality are to a certain extent reflected in intonation and punctuation, as Quirk et al. 20) point out: 26 Part I. Scope and methodology In final position, content disjunct clauses tend more commonly than adjunct clauses to be separated from their matrix clauses by intonation or punctuation, though punctuation usage varies ... In initial position, all adverbial clauses, regardless of form or function, are separated by intonation and (usually) by punctuation from their matrix clause.
If the sentence consisted of an ordinary sequence of co-ordinate clauses this would be different, as is illustrated by (30a), where you and she receive the main stress: (30) a. How could YOU be so spiteful and SHE so stupid? There are also structural differences between this and-clause and a co-ordinate a«i/-clause: (i) the lack of correspondence of the verb phrase to that of the first clause and (ii) the use of the common case for the subject of the second clause. As the first clause in the example is an independent clause and co-ordination of clauses can only occur on the same level in constituent structure, the second clause would have to be interpreted as elliptical, if we were to assume that the clauses are co-ordinate.
Adverbial clauses: Definitions and classifications 27 clause. 1. below). Polikarpov (1996: 157) goes even further in proposing additionally a fixed order of clauses and the occurrence of a correlative adverb as indications of subordination. These various markers are not mutually exclusive, but may co-occur in the same sentence. The presence of one or more of them is not sufficient to identify a clause as an adverbial clause, as many of the markers are poly functional. This is equally true of subordinators as it is of the less frequent markers of adverbial subordination.