By Jan Wohlgemuth
The current paintings is the 1st in-depth cross-linguistic learn on mortgage verbs and the morphological, syntactic and sociolinguistic points of personal loan verb lodging, investigating claims that verbs ordinarily are tougher to borrow than different elements of speech, or that verbs couldn't be borrowed as verbs and wanted a re-verbalization within the borrowing language.
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Additional info for A Typology of Verbal Borrowings (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
2 Preliminaries to the present study I took up the topic in mid-2004 and started collecting more data, especially from language families and areas which had previously been underrepresented. At the same time, I developed a database (LVDB; cf. sec. 3) which allows for typological analyses. Preliminary results and methodological considerations of the work in progress were presented at various occasions between 2004 and 2006, and were published in Wohlgemuth (2005a, 2005b, 2006), and Wichmann and Wohlgemuth (2008).
By Field (2002), see sec. 8. 4 Haugen (1950) Haugen’s (1950) paper is a survey of the phenomena of lexical borrowing and probably still one of the most-cited papers in this field. It continues to be influential until today because of the fundamental issues raised and definitions given in it. The definition of the term ‘borrowing’, as it is given in sec. 3 on page 52, is based upon Haugen’s work, too. Apart from phonological adaptation, Haugen (1950: 217–218) brings up the grammatical accommodation of loan words, explicitly referring to partof-speech allocation and the necessity to inflect borrowed verbs.
2 Haugen on borrowability His general skepticism regarding Stene’s claims notwithstanding, Haugen (1950: 224) connects these claims to the ideas of Whitney (1881) and Tesnière (1939), who both explicitly mention verbs when they make their point that the more “functional” or “systematic” a class of elements in a language is, the more resistant this class will be toward borrowing. It is with exactly this background that Haugen (1950: 224) suggests the following “scale of adoptability”: N OUNS > V ERBS > A DJECTIVES > A DVERBS & P REPOSITIONS > I NTERJECTIONS Figure 2.