By Winfred P. Lehmann
Copyright 1967 Indiana college Press
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Extra info for A Reader in Nineteenth Century Historical Indo-European Linguistics
Gender and comparison are the usual three. With regard to method of inflection these words are distinguished in both languages into two main types or systems, as also in Gothic, Slavic and Lettish. The sub-division in each of these, as in the languages just mentioned, is made according to gender; Neuter, which is the simplest and most original, is to be set first, thereupon Masculine, which is directly developed from it; and finally the Feminine, which has the most peculiarities of its own. ] (p.
Although we applaud him for his methodological advances, we regret some of his terminology, for example, his name Thracian for "IndoEuropean". Since he did not know Sanskrit at the time he wrote his monograph, his group of Indo-European languages was still small, though in it he accurately provided the answer to the first request of the Academy. For the Germanic branch he used the term Gothic, which he divided into Scandinavian and Germanic (of which [Moeso-]Gothic was in turn a subbranch). Less external is the terminology regarding "source" and "descendant of"; a literal interpretation of these suggests that Rask was quite wrong in his genealogical classification.
L and r disintegrate occasionally into u and i (and could therefore be called semivowels); never m and n, yet the influence of a lost n on the preceding vowel might be compared (gâs, for gans). 2) In the important association of r with s, of the combination rd with dd and sd (Goth. zd) r, rd appear as the younger forms which have gradually developed from s, sd (cf. p. 64, 65, 121, 167, 210, 244, 305, 317, 343, 387, 416). Like the liquids, the three spirants v, h, s remain essentially unchanged throughout all the Germanic dialects.