A critical introduction to phonetics by Ken Lodge

By Ken Lodge

A severe creation to Phonetics provides center components of the topic from clean new views. It takes a brand new stance at the presentation of uncomplicated phonetic talents for college students of linguistics. utilizing examples drawn from a wide-range of languages Ken inn introduces the main facets of phonetics, reading the variation among speech and writing, the body structure of speech construction, simple and exact articulation, and acoustic phonetics.
The publication encompasses a useful advisor to transcriptions from sound recordings, and a bit on functions of phonetics to fields of research comparable to language edition and accessory. A severe advent to Phonetics presents finished insurance of all of the key components of the topic, and comprises bankruptcy summaries to aid the reader navigate the textual content. serious considering is caused all through, and it will consequently be crucial examining for college students on introductory phonetics classes either at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

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11 Front and side spread lips. use rounded lips in words like food, put, got, caught (see Chapters Four and Eight). 8 Active\/passive articulators Once the egressive air is in the mouth, there are many articulators that can help to modify the airstream. Generally speaking, the oral articulators can be divided into two types: the active and the passive ones. 1. Note that the velum belongs to both groups. 9). For example, the tip of the tongue can be put against the alveolar ridge to produce sounds that we label [alveolar].

I shall take each of the possibilities in turn, and symbolize a number of relevant examples of each. 1 Active and passive articulators Active Passive Lips Teeth Tongue Alveolar ridge Velum Palate Velum Further details of possible combinations of articulation are given in Chapter Three. 1 Bilabial When both lips are used in the articulation of a sound, such a sound is labelled [bilabial], [p b m] are all bilabial. 2 Labiodental The top teeth can be placed just inside the bottom lip to produce labiodental sounds, [f v] are both labiodental.

8 Palatal Instead of using the tip or blade of the tongue, the part immediately adjoining the blade, the front, can be used to articulate sounds by raising it into contact with the area of the roof of the mouth immediately above it in the rest position, the palate. The sides make contact with the upper molars, as with all the previous sounds using the tongue. Palatal sounds include [c j 9 ji]. The first two are oral stops, the third a voiceless fricative and the fourth a nasal stop. The fricative is found in German, as in [19] ich T, and is used by many English speakers Articulation at the beginning of human or huge.

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